a��a?�a�??�?e??e?�i?Ya??a??a?�c?�e??e?�c??e�?cs�?��e?�

[a��a?�a�??�?e??e?�i?Ya??a??a?�c?�e??e?�c??e�?cs�?��e?�a��Prof. Jenny L. Smith]

e��e��e�?c?�a��a��???a�??�?a?�a?�c��a��i??a?�a�??�?a�?c�???�e�?e?�e??e????�a�???�a?�a??cs�c��c��a��
?�??Y?e��?��e?�e?�i???��a�?a??a??e??e??a?�?��??�a��a�?(e�?a��e��e��?��a?�e?Ze�?e?�e??e��)i??a�?a?�a??????�?e�?a��a��??�e?????i??e?ze��e��a?�e?�a��

1. c??a�?c�??????�a?�a��a??a��cs�a?�e��i?�a��?????�a��cs�c?�e?Yc�Yc�?a?�c�?a??a?zaS�i??a�?c??c?�e?Yc�?e�?c�se�???�a��e�?(net food surplus)i??a?�a�?c��??�c?�e?Ya??c��(food insecurity)a�?c�Ye�Sa??e�?(malnutrition)a�?c�se�?e?�e?�(famine)a��
e��???e��a?�e?�e?�cs�aZYa��i??c??e??c?�c??i??a?�??�a??a��a??a?�e��c��c�?e?�e?�a��

2. e?�e?�??�a?�a��c�??��i??c��a?�e�za��???e???��a??a?�e�?a?�a�?e��a��c?�a??c?�e?Yc�Yc�???�a��e�?i??e???��a�?e��?�?a????�a?�a�?(vulnerable)cs�c��?��a��(?�???�i?�a�?a?�a?�a?�a??cs�e????�a��???a�?c��e?�a��e??a�?a?�a��)
e???��a��a?�a��a??a?�a��a��a�?a????�a��i??a��a��???e�?a��e��a?�a?�a�?a�?c?�?�?a?�c?�a??c��a�?e�Se�?c�?c�?a��a?????a?�a?�e?�e?�c�?c�Ycs�?��a��i??c�?c�?a��e�S???c�?a??a�?i??a??a??c�???�a��e??e??e??i??e�?a?�a??????�?e��c?�e?Yi??a??e??a�?a��?Z�a��

c��a??e�z???e?�e?�a??a��???a��c�?c?�e?Yc��a�?c?�c??(rarely because of absolute scarcity)a��(?�???�i?�c��a�?c?�c???????�e?�?????�e?�c?Ycs�a??e�?a�??��a�?e?�?��a�?c�?a�?c?�c????�e?�???a??a�??��a�?e?�?��a?�a��c�?a��a��a�?e??a��a?�a��a?�e�?a??a?�??�?S�e?�a??e�?a��e�?a??e???�?e�?e?�?��a��)
a?�a��e??a??c��?��?��a??a?�a�s???a�Ze�?e?�e?�i??a��c�?e???��??�e?�a��a?�a?Y?????�a�?c?�a��
e�?e??c??c��??Ya�?c?Za?�c?Ze��A�Amartya Sen???a�?a?�a?�a��a�?e??i??e�?e��entitlementa�?e?�a??cs�e�?a?�a��Entitlement??�a?�??�?Y?c?�??�e??cs�??�a?�?�Sa?�i??a??c��??Ya�?a?Sa��???a?�??�e?�???cs�?�Sa?�i??e�?a?�e?�e??c�?e?�e?�???a��c�?a??a��c�???�a�?a��?�Sa?�(a��a�za��?�S)??�a?�e?Yc��?��e�?a��a?�a��e???��a��c��aY?e�Sa�?c??c?Zcs�a�?e??c��i??a?�a?�a?�?��?��?��a?Yc�???�??�a?�c?�e?Yi??c�se�?????��a�?e????�a??e��i???��a�?a��??�a?�a??a?�a��
(e�?Amartya Sene�?a?�?�?c�???�e??c�?c??a???��a?�???a��?��?��e�S???e?�e?�a��)

c��a?�e�z???synergistic virulencea��e��a��e�z??�???a�????e?za�?c�?a??a��e??a�?e??e?�??�c�???�a��a��c�?c??a�?a?�a?�????Z?e�?c�?c�Ya��
a?�a��a?�a?�e?�e?�a��a?�a?????a�?a?�a?�a?�e��c�?c�Yi??a?�a?�???a??a??a?�a?�e???�?c�?c�Ya��a?????c��e???��a�?c��(a��c�?a�?a?�cs�c??a�???�e?�c?�e�?)c�Ye�Sa??e�?i??a�?aS�a�sa?�?�?c??a�?aS�?�Sa��e�?a�??��a??a��
(?�???�i?�e��a��???a��a?????e��a?�a?�c?�a??e�?a�?a��a??e?�?z?a?Y????��cs�?��e?za��e?�?z????a��e?�c?�c??c��a?�e�?i??a?�a�??�???�a��e��a?�c�Ye�Se?Za��cs�a??i??e��a�s???a??a�sa?�e��?s?a��a?�a?�a?�e?�?��c?�a?�e�??�se??a?Y??�a??i??a�?a��?��a?Sa�?c��e?�c?�a??a?Za�?a��a??a�?a�?e?�??�c�?a�?cs�e?�?z?i??a��e�?a�?a��a��a��e?�c?�e?Za?Za�?e��e??e��e�?i??c��a??a��?��?��a??a��e�Z??Ze??a�?a?????c�?e�se?Y?��e�?a�?a�???�a��a?????c��e��i??a?�aZYa?�a�?e��e?�cs�a??i??a�?c�?e�sa??e�?e?Ye?�?z?a�?a?�e�za?Ya??a??c��i?????e�?a�?cs�?��e?�a��a??c?�e��a?�a�?a�?a�?cs�?�?a??a�?a�si??e�?e?�e?�a?Ya??c�?a?�i??a??a??e?�e?�?z?a��a??a�??��a��)

3.A�Amartya Sen???a�?cs�??ze��e��??�a��a?�e�?a?�?�???�a�?e?�e?�cs�e�?a?�a��
a?�a��??�a?�a????�??Ye��i??a��c�???�a?Y?�?e��a��?��?��a?�e��a�??�SaS�c?Yc�?i???�????a�?c??e?�e?�a��

a?�a?�?��?��?��??Ycs�e?�e?�a?�e?�Amartya Sen?�?a�Z?�?c??a???��a?�a��
1876-1878a??a?�a?�a��e?�e?�c��a?�i??e��a?�?�?a??e��c��??�???aS�i??a?�c�?c???��??Ya??e??i??as?e�?a�?c��?��?��a?�e??e??a��c��?��a?�a?�e??e??a�Ye?�a?�a?�cs�a�?e???�?a��a?�(a�?c�???�e??a��a?�a?Ya???��??�e?�e?�)a��e��a?�a??a?�a?�?��?��c�??��e��e�?i??e��a?�e��a??e�?e??c�?c?�cs�c??a�?i??e��??�a?�a��a??c��c��a?�c��??�e��cs�a?Ye��i??a��?�?a??a??e�?c��a?�a��a�?a��
e��a�?e?�e?�?��a?�a?�e�?a?�c�?e?�a??(?�???�i?�a??e????�e??e??i??c��aY?c�?c��e?�a?�c�?a?�a??e?�)i??a��e??a?�????�??��a��e��a?�a??e�?e�?a?�a��aYZa?�??�a��a��a?�?�?i??a?�a??e�?a?�a?�?��??Ya��
e��?�?e?�e?�a?�e��a?�?�?a??e��a��a?�?��??Ya�?c?�(?�???�i?�??�e��a?�?��e??a�?a�?a�?a�?e?�a�?)i??a��e��a?�c?�a�??�?a?�a�?e?�e�?c��i????�a?�c�?e��a�Sa��e��a??a??c�?a��c��?��cs�?��a��e??a�?a?????a��a??e�?a��eZSi??a?�a?�es�???a��a?�e�?c��a��

4. a????�a�?a?�a?�a�?e�?a��e?�e?�e?�e??a��??�?��cs�1921-22a??a??c??aS�e?�e?�(Volga famine)i?????a??a?�a�?a��a???��a�?e�?c��?�??��e??a??c��a�?c�?c�?a??c�?c�Ya��(e�?a?�a?�?�?a??e??a??i??e�?e?�e??a?�???e��a��e????�?�Y??�a?�i???��a�?a��a��e��???a�?e��e�?c�???�e?�a�?a��)
e��?�?e?�e?�a?�e�?????�???�a��c?�e��???i??e��a��a?�a?�e????�c�Yc�?e�?a??a?�e???��a?�e��?�?a??e��a?�cs�c��?��i??a��c�??�?a??a?�c??a�?a�si??a��e???��a??a��c�?e��a��(?��a�?c�se�?c�?c�Ya??c�?e?Y)

c?Za?�c??c��Herbert Hoover(e��c��a?Ye�?e??a?�a?�a?????FBIe�?a��)e��a��cs�c?Za?�?��??Yc�?c?�a��a??e��?�?e?�e?�a?�c�???�a??a��a??c�?a��e??a?�???e��?��e??c�?e?�??�a?�c?�cs�a�?e�Si??e�?a��a?�a?�c�?a?�e???�????a�?a��a��?��??????a?�?��??Ya��a?�e?�e???�?a??aZ�???a��?��a?�eY?i??e��a?�???a?�c?�e?Ya��?��???a?�a?�e??soft assistante��e?�a�??�?c��a�?a��e��i??a?�e?�e?�e??e��a??a��?��?�?e�?a��

c��?��???a?�cs�?��???a?�(relief box)???c��a?�?��e?�c?�49c?�a�?c?�10c?�a�?c�?25c?�a�?20c??a?�a�?e?�3c?�a�?c��e?Y???c��a��

a?�c��?��cs�?��??Ya??e��a?�?�?a??a??a�?a�?a��a��e�?a?�a��c�?e??a?�??�a?????a�?c?�a?�a�?a�???�a��i???��a�?e�??��??Ya?Y???a�???�a?�cs�i??c��?��?��??�c?�a?�a�?c��e�???�a?�?��cs�a??(a?�a��e�sa�?a�?e�?e��)e??a??????��???i??a��c��a��a��?��aZ�i??a�?a??c?�c?�e?�???aZ�?��a��a��a??a��a�?a??e?�?��???e�?e?�c�?c��e��a??a��
(?�???�i?�a��?z?a�?c��a?�a?�a?�?��e?�e��cs�?��??Y?�?a??a?Ya��a??a�sa��a��a��???e?�c??a��c��c?�e??c��c???��a??i??a?�c???��e�?a�?a?�a��??�?��?Z�esSi??a?�a??e��?�???�a?�a??a��c�??�?a��???a�??�??��e�?a?�c��?��a�?a��a?�e�??��cs�c???��a��)

5. e��e��?��?�?a?�a?�a?�c��John Pilgere??a??i??1979a???��a�?cs� Year Zero – the silent death of Cambodiai??c��a??a??e��a?�a?�e�?e��e��?��?�?a��c��?��?Y�aY�a??a??e�S??�a?�e?�a?�as?e�?e?Yc�?i??Pilger??�c�?c��?�?a?�e?�a�?a?�aZYa�?a??cs�a�?e�?a��??�???cs�e��?Y�a??e��?�??��?�Sa��?��e?�?�?i??c�se�?e?Ya??a?�?��a��a��e�Sa?�e�?e�?e��e��e��?Y�a??i??c?�a??a��???a�?e??a??a?�a��c�?aY?e��???e?�e�?a?�a?�c�?e?�a�??��???c��e?�(e�Sa?�a?Y??�e??e�????aS�)i??a?�????�?e�Se�?a��

c��?��cs�?Y�aY�a??e��?�?a�s?�?e��aS�a?�a?�i??e�Sa��a�?a?�a��a�?c��a?�a???��a�?e???�?a?�a��(c��?��c�za�?a�????a??a??e�?e?�e�S??�)e????�a��a�?a��
Pilgercs�a?�c��???aSYa?�c�?a?�es�????�?a�??��???a��??�?�????(Oxfam)a??c��?��e��???c?�c�?c��???e?�e?�?��??�a��a�????cs�a�??�Y?��i??e��?????�?�????a?Y???1976a???�?e��e?�a��c��?��a??a?�c��a??aS�a?Sa?�Oxfamcs�a�?a�Si??c��a??a��a��?��a?�cs�????�???�a?za?�20a�?a��

a��?z?a??googlea?S???a��NGOa??1945-2008a??a�?c�??�?c�?a?�a�?c??cs�e��cZ�i??a??a�?c�?c??a��a??a??a�?a??c�?e�?e��a��a?zaS�i??e�?a??a??a??a�?a???�???�a��a?�a?ze��a��

6. a?�a?�c��?��???Nutriset – nutrition autonomy for allcs�a�?a�?c��a��c��a?�???a?Sa?�a?S??�1/5a��c�????c�Ye�Sa??e�?i??c�?a�?a?�a?�c�?e?z???e�?e?z??�an hungry man is not a free man(e??e��cs�a??a?????e�?c��a??)a��
Nutriset???a��??�a?�?�Y?��i??a��a��?�?1996a??c�???Za?�c?�c�?plumpynutscs�a??e?Yc�Ye�SaS�(c��Andre Brienda�?Michel Lescannee��c�?)a��a��c�?e?�e?�a?�a?�a??a�sa??a��a?�????��?�?a�??Y�c��i??a��?z?a??e?�e??a��e?�e?�?��??Ye?�???a?�?��???c��i??a��a��c��e?Y?��a??a??e??c�?a?�a??e?�c�Ycs�?�?i??a??e�?????Y�c��a��?��a�?e��c?�a??eS�c�Ye��e?�a??a?�c��e�?a�?a??a�?a???��a??e?Ycs�?��??Ya�?a��e?za???�?a??a�?e?�c�Ya?�a��(?�???�i?�a��a?�c�?a?�c�?e��c�Ya?Y???c�?e��?�?a??e?Ya?�)

a?�a??cY??��e�?c��a??c��??�e�?cs�???i??e��e��Nutriset???c�Ya?�?�Y?��a��e�?e??e�ze??a��a��???a?�c�??��??Yc???��a?�e??e??i???��a�?a?�a?�c?�e��a��e��c��a??a??a?�e??cs�???i??a��a��cs�c�?a�?cs�c??a�?c???��a????�a?�aS�a�?a?�a????�?�?a��

7. Q&A

7.1 c??a�?a?�a��e?�e?�a��?��??????i?�
a��1907a??a?�a?�e?�e?�i??c�?a???��a?�a??a??a?�c�?e?�a??a��
a��1931-33e?�e??a��e?�e?�i??c��a??a�??z�e??e?�cs�c��??Y?�?c��a?�c�?i??c�?a???��a?�a?�a??a??c�?e?�e�?a?�a??a?�c�?e?�a??a��(c��?��a??a�??z�a?�e?�c��?��e?�c�?e��c?�i??e��a?�a??a?�?�?a??a��i??a�?e�?a??a?�e?�e?�?��c�se�?a?�c�??�?a�?a????�e��e��e��e�??�?a��)
a��1959-1961a?�a?�a?�a??a��e?�e?�i??a?�e???�?a��c��a?�a??a?�c�?e?�a?�a?�a��a??e?�a??c��a��

7.2 ?��c??e?�a��e?�e?�c�?c�Y?�?a??a??a?�c?�i???��a�?a??a?�?��a????�e��a?�a?�a��a?�e�?e��a��??�a??e��i??a?�?��e??a?�a??e�?a�?e��e??e�?a?�a�?eY?a?�e??a�?a�?e��a?�?��?��c��??�a��

7.3 ??�a��???a�?e��e��a?�e?????a�?cs�a�?e??i??e��e��e??c�?e��???e?�e?�cs�??�a?�e�?a��c?�???c�se??i?�??�e��c�?a?�a?�e��a?�a�?i??a��a?�e????�??�?�?e�?e??e?�e?�i?�
e��e��e??c�?e????�c??a�?a?�a??i??e???��a?�a?�???a��c?�a??c��a?�a??a?�e��i??e�?e��e��c?�a�?e??e??a??c��a�??��e??a�?e?�c?�cs�a??c��a��e��???a????�a?�?��?��?��?�Sa��a��?z?e???��e??c?�?�?a�sc?�a??c��i??a?�a??a??a??a???��?��?��???i??e�?e??a��?????�e??c��a�sa��e�?a?�e�Se�?a?�a?�c��e??c�?c�?a��e�z??�a��a?�e?za?Y??�a?�aS�a��

7.4 ??�?�??????�a��a�?e?????a��a��?Z??��a?�a??a�sa��??�????�?i??a�?e�?a��a��a??e�?e??c��a????�a��
(?�???�i?�e��e�za??a?Z??�e�z?�?i??a��c�???�?�????cs�a�?e��??�a??a��a??a?Za?�a??c�?a��c�??��a�?a��)

fongyun


雙魚座左撇書呆子乙名,阿斯伯格症疑似患者。生物化學系畢業的中學圖書館主任,但其實暗地裡主修中大學生會會章。方潤日記博主,著有《吹水無邊﹕一個教師的閱讀與教學自白》。

||||| 0 eprop |||||